2014 год, 3 листа
Заполните пропуски в предложениях одним из слов, предложенных ниже. Перепишите полные предложения и переведите их на русский язык.
market reduce competition demand advertise
features costs raise afford profit
a) Production … are the amount of money companies spend to make a product.
b) A … economy is one where a government decides what can be bought and sold and/or how it is done.
c) When there is a demand we… prices but we … them if we want to sell something quickly.
d) If there is only one producer in the market, there is no …
e) Supply and … control what is on the market and how much it sells for.
f) I can‘t … that car – it‘s far too expensive.
g) Businesses … their products in the media to attract more cus-tomers.
h) The main incentive for businesses in a market economy is mak-ing a ….
i) Technology is one of the main … of the market economy.
Задание 4. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на функции инфинитива.
a) One of the fundamental decisions to be taken by entrepreneurs concerns the geographical location of their enterprises.
b) In order to increase profits, the company developed a new product and launched it successfully in the market.
c) To enter this market requires a lot of hard work.
d) The sales director claimed to have found three new customers.
e) There are nation-wide schemes to encourage industrial invest-ment.
Задание 5. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на формы и функции герундия.
a) His taking part in the development of the new system was a great help to us.
b) Opening up economies bring a problem of keeping a good bal-ance of trade.
c) By cutting the number of employees a company has a quick-acting method of reducing costs.
d) The company risks losing money if it makes investment in this venture.
e) Retail price index is calculated by recording increases in prices for a range of goods and services.
Задание 6. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на формы и функции причастия.
a) Monetary policy is one of the tools used by the government to control the economy.
b) Purchases made using credit cards are now a huge proportion of total spending in many countries.
c) Structural unemployment occurs when changing public tastes and advances in technology cause a fall in demand for some types of work.
d) In a country suffering from inflation people have lower dispos-able incomes.
e) Having laid off 50 employees, the company reduced costs and managed to survive.
Задание 7. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на типы условных предложений.
a) If money incomes rise by 5 per cent, but over the same period prices rise by 10 per cent, real income will have fallen.
b) If the supplier of such a commodity were to raise the price, many buyers would turn to the close substitutes.
c) We would have to reduce our workforce if the bank refused to extend our credit.
d) If the market for our products expands, we will have a 20 per cent increase in turnover next year.
e) If we had installed the equipment, we would have become more competitive.